The Genographic Project began in 2005 and was a research project carried out by the National Geographic Society’s scientific team to reveal patterns of human migration. The project was a joint venture of the National Geographic Society and 21st Century Fox. National Geographic’s analysis of Genographic Genetic Information revealed deep ancestry insights for its participants. Deep ancestry is your ancestry from up to thousands of years ago. In other words, it is aDNA and is based on the paths our ancient ancestors took to migrate around the world. National Geographic Society stores the Genographic Genetic Information in the DNA Analysis Repository. The DNA Analysis Repository is a central database that manages DNA data from around the world for the Genographic Project. Through their partnership with Helix, their lab used cutting-edge sequencing technology in their world-class laboratory to analyze DNA submissions from the Geno 2.0 Next Gen Helix kit for this unique anthropological project.
1. What was the Genographic Participation and DNA Ancestry Kit?
The Genographic Project was an ambitious attempt to help answer fundamental questions about where we came from and how we came to populate the earth. Building on the science from the earlier phases of the Genographic Project, Geno 2.0 Next Generation used sophisticated, cutting-edge technology to build a more complete picture of our collective history. Both the Geno 2.0 Next Generation kit and the Geno 2.0 Next Generation Helix co-branded kit examined a unique collection of nearly 300,000 DNA identifiers, called “markers,” that offer rich ancestry-relevant information.
2. What was the Genographic Project?
The Genographic Project used advanced DNA analyses to work with indigenous communities and the general public with the goal to answer fundamental questions about where we originated and how we came to populate the Earth. The project was a multiyear, global initiative by National Geographic that used genetics as a tool to address anthropological questions on a global scale.
Launched in 2005, the first phase of the Genographic Project enlisted a consortium of 11 global regional scientific teams who, following regional institutional review scientific protocols, undertook sample collection and DNA analysis in their respective continental regions. In addition, more than 470,000 members of the public took part in the first phase of the project by purchasing a Genographic Project DNA Public Participation Kit to trace their own ancient ancestry. Relaunched in 2012 as Geno 2.0, the project grew to include more DNA markers and provide even more detailed ancestral results. More than 275,000 people joined Geno 2.0.
A portion of the proceeds from the sales of the Genographic Project Public Participation Kits were used by National Geographic Society to financially support the project research. Participants could play an active role in the historic quest to map the genetic journey of us all by choosing to contribute your own DNA to the project. Through the purchase and scientific contribution, participants supported National Geographic Society’s research, conservation, and exploration projects around the globe, as well as our renowned journalism.
The Geno 2.0 Next Generation Public Participation Kit invited participants to take part in this next phase of the Genographic Project to learn unprecedented information about their ancestral makeup. The Geno 2.0 Next Generation analysis was enhanced to include many more ancestral regions than were available in Geno 1.0 or 2.0 and analyzed more than 300,000 DNA markers. As in past versions of the kit, participants could to choose to submit their data to the Genographic research database in order to more fully participate in the research initiative.
3. What made this project so different?
In 2005, most of what science knew about anthropological genetics was based on DNA samples donated by approximately 10,000 indigenous and traditional people from around the world. While this provided a broad view of the patterns of human migration, it represented just a small sample of humanity’s genetic diversity.
Today, nearly a million people have participated, from more than 140 countries. The Genographic Project was the world’s largest survey of its kind in the field of anthropological genetics, increasing the sample size by several orders of magnitude. Driven by an ethical framework and locally accountable review boards and protocols, the resulting data helped to map world migratory patterns dating back some 150,000 years and to fill in the gaps in our knowledge of humankind’s migratory history.
In Dr. Martin's Ancient DNA report below, you will see that she shares 1 family DNA relative 12,000 years ago, 5 matches 25,000 - 12,000 years ago, ZERO matches from 45,000 - 25,000 years ago, then returning 65,000 - 45,000 years ago for 2 matches, then ZERO matches again from 120,000 - 65,000 years ago.
If this doesn't prove past lives, we don't know what does! Either that or Dr. Martin looks really good for being thousands of years old!